A Website Dedicated to the People and History
of Pacific Western Airlines
This website is created, funded and managed by the former employees of
Pacific Western Airlines. The target audience is that membership. If
you have any contributions or comments, please submit them to the
We wish to say thanks to our many generous contributors, supporters and readers. We are
This very dynamic group has many involved and interactive members.
While you are visiting, you may want to play the Pacific
Western Airlines Song
September 2, 2017 Boeing 727 at Edmonton Muni C-1975
August 31, 2017 From Capt. Terry Reece.
Terry made contact with the Webmaster regarding one of our senior flight crew
members: Jean Robert.
Hello: For those old timers. Jean Robert is in Assisted living in Bellingham WA
@ 702 32nd Street, #208 Bellingham, WA. 98225. Jean is battling cancer. He
has lost use of his voice for the main part, but can whisper. His email is:
firstname.lastname@example.org . I know he would appreciate a note. Jean Robert is
now 84. Flew Bristols on the DEW line and L382 Hercules. He lost his eye
on loan to ASA in Africa. Went to Fairbanks. Flew round engines L382. B737
at Interior AIA. Mark Air. He was born on Great Bear Lake and raised by nuns
after his mother died of TB. She was native. Best regards Captain Terry Reece (
Interior, Alaska International, Mark Air)
P. Lema advised he knew Jean Robert c1959. He flew the C46 and the DC-3.
August 28, 2017 - B707 Cargo Ops.
It's Nov 1972 and PWA is flying beef to Europe and bringing Spanish grapes back
to British Columbia.
August 20, 2017 - New Uniforms CSA 1977
August 17, 2017 Pacific Western Tours Prince Andrew.
August 16, 2017 Speedbird: PW-TZ Merge
August 15, 2017 - From the 1979 Annual Report
Aug 6, 2017 - Edmonton
From Ann Bidlock and authored by Michael Bidlock, we have this amazing video of
Ann's retirement party. Definitely a good time by all. Congrats Ann. Watch it
If your player does not work, try this
July 16, 2017 - Looking
for recollections on Thomas Peter Hayes - flight crew 1950's.
From the Desk of Ann Patching - Australia. She is the daughter of a pilot Thomas
Peter Hayes from the 1959 era of the company and wishes to know more about his
life in Canada. Email any
recollections or information you might have.
Wondering if you may be able to help me.
My father was a pilot for Pacific Western in 1959 flying a DHC-Beaver between
the logging camps of British Columbia and Seattle. He would ferry the loggers
from the camps for their breaks and also carried the payroll for the logging
He was an Australian citizen and passed away just over a year ago now. I am
trying to trace his time in the US and Canada as I am coming to scatter his
ashes in Canada, a place which he had wonderful memories of.
I have made numerous enquiries to different Government Departments in both
Canada and the USA but it can take months and months for any information to
arrive, and as yet I have no firm information to start working from.
I am not sure if he lived in Vancouver or Seattle. I do have a photo of the car
he owned at the time but aren’t sure whether it’s a US or Canadian number plate.
I do have a copy of his passport and photographs which have him pictured with
other twin prop Beechcraft A18A (Seaplanes) which were owned by Pacific Western.
Ultimately I would like to know who he worked for, where his work took him and
where he lived, places I would like to see whilst I am there.
When I saw your site I thought that just maybe you might know how I could
further investigate this lead. I do remember that he told us that he had a women
give birth on one of the trips he piloted which I thought maybe someone of that
vintage may have remembered.
I will attach some photos and if there is anything you may be able to do or send
me in the direction of someone who may be able to help I would be so grateful.
I have made contact with an external Canadian researcher in the hope that he
will be happy to work with me on issues relating to immigration etc as I don’t
have the approval to do so living in Australia and because my father has not
been deceased for more than 20 years, which is a Canadian Government
requirement. I have heard nothing back as yet but only reached out a day or so
ago, so will hopefully hear back from them this week.
Below are some photos that may or may not be of any assistance.
Anything you may be able to do to point me in the right direction or help in any
way, would be so graciously appreciated. I am awaiting information from the
Australia Department of Defence (where he was trained as a pilot) with his
pilot’s license number. I don’t even know whether he was able to fly on that
Australian license whilst in the US/Canada or whether he would have needed one
issued by the Department of Civil Aviation in the US/Canada.
I also have a photo which I am getting a copy of which shows my father
standing/getting into the cockpit of a DHC Beaver plane. Although there are no
identification markers on the plane I thought it may jog someone’s memory. I
will forward these 2 items when they arrive
Annie Patching (Hayes)
Benowa QLD 4217 Australia
Beach 18A Kitimat - photo Thomas Peter Hayes
July 14, 2017 - 1960's
1960's aircraft photos by Ken Fielding at London Gatwick. The Boeing 727-121
would later become fleet number 721 / CF-PXD.
May 30, 2017 -
Yellowknife - early 70's
Sent by L. Chan and found on a YK Memories Forum. Thanks to A. Philpott for
sending the names of the YZF Check-In Agents.
Morris Huculak, Don Clunnie, Dwight Denton
(thanks to all for the hints)
May 24, 2017 - The Sign
This object was found and rescued by Sonny and Deb Hauser and is in the process
of being sent to the Alberta Aviation Museum.
May 19, 2017 - From
Andrew Lindner - Australia.
A collection of mid-1950's pictures of the Grumman Goose and Norseman taken in
the Tahsis area. Sent by Andrew Lindner from Australia (relative
Attribution of photo(s) to Brigitte Thurandt, who sent them to her brother, Hans
Lindner (text of Hans Lindner hyperlinked to
Images can be reproduced elsewhere providing attribution above is provided.
May 18, 2017 Resolute Operations c1972.
From TZ Facebook pages; credit
TZ Argosy (Cargo)
PW Hercules, ND B737X, TZ Argosy
WD Twin Otter, PW Electra Tanker CF-PWQ, TZ Argosy
May 4, 2017 Edmonton Sales circa 1980
B. Watson, M. Calverley, ______, ______
(Please email the last 2 names if you know them)
May 3, 2017 Air Cargo Operations 1973 at YXD - with credits to S.
Russell and J. Shaw
April 22, 2017 PWA York Aircraft From the desk of John Bloxam.
I was employed as an Aircraft Electrician by PWA in YXD 1957 - 61. The photo
shows Harry Hunter, John Williams, John Bloxham and Norm Lyons. The photo was
most likely taken by Lloyd Erickson in 1957. Submitted by John Bloxham (Powell
River, BC) and still remembering great times on York, DC4’s, DC3’s, C46’s,
Ansons and many smaller A/C. Also spent time on the DEW line at Cambridge Bay
and Pin 1 (Cape Parry).
April 14, 2017 Stampeder Service
From the Desk of Neil Burton. It's Dec 13, 1967, and Pacific Western met with
Kamloops city officials to inaugurate a Vancouver-Kamloops-Calgary air service
which came to be known as The Stampeder. One year later, the airline began
service with the new Boeing 737 aircraft.
April 2, 2017 Liam Hawkins
- Battling the Big Fight
Liam Hawkins worked for Pacific Western and later CDN Air. He and his Cathy took
on ground handling contracts in YMM and YQU. Liam's dad was John Hawkins,
Airport Manager, Transport Canada YZP and his mom Barbara worked at YZP for
Transprovincial Airlines. A super guy whom I met in YZP, he has been
through an ordeal. This fight has been going on for more than a year yet Liam is
holding up. We wish him all the best but a little financial help is something we
all can give.
March 16, 2017 - Whitehorse Charter 1964.
Yvonne Corbiel-Capt Vern Simmonds-Ron Bell- Marie Hryciw Lass-Barbara Kolody-Joyce
Melnychuk. DC6-B originated YXD.
From the desk of Marie Lass Hryciw
March 15, 2017 - Aircraft selection sent by S Russell and D Dertien
DC-3 and DC-3
March 14, 2017 The Website
The webmaster put a question to the members as to whether to retain this website
versus alternate online digital media. The ongoing costs for hosting and domain
services average $225 per year. There was overwhelming support to ensure that
this domain and the content remain active and involved with the history of our
airline. A fundraiser brought in over $500 which will keep this in
business for another couple years. Thanks to the loyal and incredible Pacific
Western Airlines alumni for all of your financial and moral support
February 28, 2017 - Capt. Al
Here’s a photo of Al Smuland, PWA pilot with CF-HEP. It appears this aircraft
was part of the PWA fleet from late 1956 to 1960. From the desk of Neil Burton
February 28, 2017 - Russ Baker - Frank Coulter
Attached is a photo of Russ Baker and Frank Coulter, executives of Pacific
Western Airlines, taken on the south side of Vancouver’s Sea Island Airport.
Photo appeared in the Vancouver Sun in August 1955. Photo was forwarded to
me from Mrs. Smuland, widow of the late A.W. (Al) Smuland (1928 – 2005). Al was
a pilot on the PWA charter base at Fulton Field (Kamloops Airport) from 1955 to
the early 1960’s. From the desk of Neil Burton
February 22, 2017 - Monarch 737-200. Photo credit Anthony Hickey
Feb 11, 2017 Kamloops Airport Baseball c1978
(picture credit A. Snowie)
Nov 30, 2016 Boeing 767-200 A/C 672 at YYC - Photo courtesy E. Grebinski
Nov 29, 2016 Looking for Sheldon Page
Please contact this
person via email
regarding a non urgent matter.
Nov 12, 2016 - Pacific Western Airlines and
A posting on Facebook (R. Barry) asked the question of whether PW had considered
operating the A320. The picture of this model was included. A definitive answer
is not known ; but..... The first A320 rolled out at Toulouse in Feb 1987. Also
in the; spring 1987 Canadian Airlines began operations. In order to get a
position on the assembly line, advance lead discussions had to be factored in.
Dennis Merrigan would know to what extent this occurred. At the inception of the
A320, Airbus made the controversial decision to go with fly by wire. CDN took
delivery of their first A320 in April 1991 and it still flies with Air Canada.
Nov 10, 2016 -First woman to pilot a
commercial Canadian airliner honoured in Edmonton
Rosella Bjornson paved the way for
women in the aviation industry
CBC News (click here)
Oct 22, 2016 - B737-200 Toronto C1985
Oct 7, 2016 - Boeing 767-200 On Pushback -
from J. McMillan
Sep 11, 2016 - From the Desk of C.
Hi there: So glad to find the website for us GOLDIE OLDIE folks from the best
airline that has ever flown! My name is Cathie McPherson and I started out in
YXD IN 1968, started on the DC6, DC6B,and the Electra that had the beds In The
aft plus curtains. A few DC3 flights with Sam GIROUARD. showing me that yes you
could open the flightdeck windows and throw out Kleenex! Then it was going
mostly into the high Arctic, with people like - Francis, Mary Ann , Annie,
Marlene, Marie, Sam, Doug, Joe, Wally on the DC6, Electra, DC4 into Great Bear
Lake fishing charters. Then based for 5 months of summer in YEV, on the Convair,
down to YZF and back to YEV. Working 6 days a week, doing all the grooming and
cleaning then being dropped off at the Inuvik bakery to prepare the trays for
the next day's flights! No extra pay for all of that! No wonder the senior girls
never bid to do those stints! This was while the runway was being installed for
the upcoming jet service! Then it was a few years doing dawn patrol on 732, and
then I decided I should go to YVR to fly overseas. These were often a 10day trip
to Ireland, England, Spain, Austria and so on. Oh my and all we carried was a 21
inch samsonite suitcase with no wheels. How did we do THAT? I returned to YXD so
once again to the ARCTIC, YRB, YCB, YEV doing lots of fishing and oil charters.
There were mostly across the north to Alaska, Whitehorse and managed to be on
the radio charter from YXD Down to Florida to watch the APOLLO 15 blast off. The
crew included Ken Stevens, Gerry Melnyk, Ginger Bradley and Murray Cliff.
Then returned to YVR and flew overseas again with lot of Vegas and Reno flights.
I was on the flight with ART RALPHS flying home, when he called me I to the
flight deck and we watched as Mt. St Helens blew her top! Then my husband and I
(don't know when I had time to find him!) decided to return to YXD where we had
our second son and ONCE again it was the McKenzie and the final 727 flights with
Mary Ann and Bob Crossley. Plus flying with Denis Byrne and Anne Riley that was
almost the end of my career when we put ozonol on the carrot cake for Denis,
knowing he hated the stuff but not aware that the aircraft groomers back in YXD
rooted thru trays and ate what they could find. Oh yes, that was almost our
undoing but somehow we managed to apologize and we kept our jobs! After all that
decided to move back to YVR with my boys and stayed but for only 2 years/ Flew
domestic and then decided Calgary would be a better fit and so I moved once more
and continued on domestic until the end when Canadian began. The cultural shock
was difficult, but somehow we all survived, kept working hard, kept our sense of
humour and did the job we all loved..so for the last few years and a good
seniority number, I did overseas with Air Canada. I tried to keep to the
sunny southern destinations.
Well, after a long and wonderful career of 40 years I decided with great sadness
that I would sit for the final landing in my jump seat and reflect on what a
wonderful life I had had in the only industry I could have loved so much. It was
what I was so blessed to have done all those years and with all the amazing
crews I flew with. What a ride it was! Just before I end this saga I have been
wondering about the fact we could write a book if enough of us wrote out the
stories about growing up in the aviation industry! Just before we went on the
P.W.A. Strike, a group of us were ready to write a book and had a lot of
letters, stories, poetry etc from retired pilots at that time and really wanted
to get it going, but then Canadian was born and our lives were busier and so it
never was done. When the call went out from the museum a few years ago that they
wanted everything we had put away in trunks for safe keeping, I gave a lot of my
stuff to them, as many of you also did. .I really feel we should write a book,
get some of these amazing stories down. We have lost so many of our people now,
and this would be aviation history as it was in the early days and it is totally
unbelievable now. It could even be in house only.
What a challenge it would be, so anyone out there who would be interested, maybe
we should have a REMEMBER WHEN REUNION to jog our memories and get some stories
down.......... With that said, I made my last and best move July last year with
my 2 - four legged friends and now have settled on the island in beautiful
Cobble Hill, and yes I am on the approach to YYJ, so I am still with the crews
on their final approach. CHEERS to all, Cathie
P.S. I DID HAVE 2 huge albums of crew pics, aircraft, and places from day one,
but when the P.W.A. reunion put out the call they wanted pics albums I took
mine, BUT, someone lifted them and I never did get them back which broke my
heart. I am sure there are pics out there we could include? MY email address is
CLICK HERE should anyone out
there not think this is a terrible idea!
Sep 5, 2016 - Lizzie Eschauzier.
We have a fellow retired PWA employee now a resident scholar in Ottawa who is
trying to locate Mrs. Lizzie Eschauzier. She was Ted Ranson’s Secretary at PWA
(CAB Building). She has lived in Abu Dhabi, or possibly Dubai. The reason for
the request for research for a project that her father is familiar with. If you
are in contact with Lizzie, please email the
Aug 25, 2016: At the Muni Boeing 727 photo
credit: C Escott
Aug 23, 2016 -DeHavilland Beaver.
From humble beginnings, the little Canadian Airline would grow into a successful
international wide body carrier.
Aug 9, 2016 -This from Ann Loney Bidlock:
When I started flying, I flew with a lot of young men. We more or less grew up
together. Time passed and those young men aged and moved on. Over the last 10
years I have been flying with some of their progeny. It was fun seeing the
youngsters of the aged. Of course I never viewed myself as getting older! That
is, until last week. I flew with the grandson of Roy Reaville, Kris
Reaville. That sent me racing for a mirror and look at my birth certificate.
Chris had a picture taken of the two of us and maybe he or Roy will have it
posted. I am now cognisant that my youth may be fading and I will be able to see
over the hill sooner rather than later. This is just a heads up that time is
marching on and we along with it. Enjoy now!
Cheers, Ann, Miz B, hey you.
(Webmaster) We would love to have the picture of Kris and Ann taken on this epic
flight but in the meantime, please enjoy 3 generations of pilots sent by Roy
Reaville. Congrats Roy - we are all almost as proud as you are!
The rest of the
story. Here is the picture we have been looking for - when Ann Loney Bidlock had
the pleasure of flying with her new friend Kris Reaville (Roy Reaville). Time
marches on but the world is in good hands.
June 14, 2016 - Hercules Reunion Pictures here
Herc Inn Resolute NWT - Camp was operated
and Managed by Crown Catering - early '70's. Picture from N. Peterson.
May 26, 2016 - from N. Burton
DC-4 Charter News - R.C.A.F Base and Radar Station Closure – Tofino, B.C. “A DC
4 chartered from Pacific Western Airlines carried out the first load of
equipment Wednesday. The airline estimates the plane will need to make 10
flights to Vancouver, three to Edmonton, and one to Cold Lake, Alta., to haul
out the 127 tons of equipment at the base.”
Source: Kamloops Daily Sentinel – 10 January 1958
May 2, 2016 - Winter schedule 1969 - sent by J.
April 23, 2016 - Boeing 727
April 17, 2016 - Air Canada Retro Fleet - a cool idea.
March 13, 2016 - AZ - Retiree Gathering in
Surprise at the Irish Wolfhound Pub.
DC-4: Reg CF-PWD. Location
appears to be YZF
Boeing 727 - CF-PXD
Calgary - Photo Credit Terry Juuti
March 13, 2016
- PWA Alumni Gathering in Arizona
An outing for the PWA and airline people and spouses at 2:00 PM Sunday
March 13. Look for us on the patio at the
Irish Wolfhound Pub
located in Surprise.
Dec 11, 2015 - Leon
Krawchuk - A Small Tribute
Leon Krawchuk started in the late 60's and retired as part of PWA’s maintenance
crew. He was also a part of the flight crew on the B707 from 1968 through to the
sale of the aircraft. Leon retired in the 90's and passed away in September
He started work on the Beavers in Edmonton and moved to BC to start with the 707
service in 1968. Once the 707’s were sold he finished his career as a
maintenance inspector before retirement.
Attached is a photo of Leon in his flight uniform.
Dec 5, 2015 - Hercules
Reunion - June 10 to 12, 2016
S. Russell and K. Ohm hard at work putting together this big event scheduled for
next year. If you are interested in more information or would like to attend,
please refer to the Hercules pages
Dec 5, 2015 - CF-PWN in the UK
From Graham Reeve - UK
I found the Pacific Western web-site after looking up CF-PWN having recently
found a picture of the aircraft at Norwich (EGSH). I thought you may be
interested in the attached as it shows the crew with CF-PWN and G-ANMV a Tiger
Moth, which at the time was owned by the Norfolk and Norwich Aero Club. The CFI
of the club is also in the picture. Graham.
L-R: Norwich Air Auth, Joe Gegenbauer, George Chivers on wheel, John Sproat, Pat
November 16, 2015 - Inauguration of the Chieftain
Airbus from Edmonton Journal - N. Burton
Pacific Western’s DC 4 – CHIEFTAIN AIRBUS – To Calgary from
Edmonton Municipal Airport - inaugurated – Wednesday - 22 May 1963.
3 Flights daily, in both directions, except Saturday and Sunday. One-way
fare – $11.00.
The interior design of the aircraft was by Hopping and Kovach and featured a
western motif of hand-carved Indian figures mounted to saddle-tan leather
bulkheads. The cabin also featured complementary featured drapes printed from
Indian design, natural oak rails on clothing racks and carpeting and seating
headrests of the dominant design colours.
Sep 16, 2015 - A Nice
Hangar - this has had several signs on it but this is the original.
July 29, 2015 - Flight
Attendant Ad - Winnipeg Free Press - December 1979
July 24, 2015 - Keeping
Posted 1970 - Submitted by B. Draper
Click here for this
July 15, 2015 - Calgary
June 28, 2015 - PWA in
Arizona Winter 2015 Get Together
We are gathering the names of people / couples who are interested in an
afternoon get together at a place TBA this winter in the Phoenix area. Most
people I have communicated with appear to be in the NW area of the valley.
If you are interested, send an email
along the number of people in your
party and we will get the plan started.
June 25, 2015 - Boeing
May 21, 2014 - The Alircraft of PWA - c1975
May 13, 2015 - Charter Dept - from S. Barnes
May 13, 2015 - Boeing 767 from C. Ettinger
May 8, 2015 Eunice Robinson
My name is Eunice Robinson, and I started my
airline career with PWA. I worked in Office Services for Doris Toy. Others that
I recall are Jean Bryan, Dorothy Webb, Claudette Watson, Amy Lee, Dianne
Sheehan, Kerry Bryan, Jane Corcoran, Kate Webster, Lynn Foster – and so many
I worked in the Word Processing department in Building 1, YVR where we spent the
days typing up everything from accounting reports, invoices, statements,
training materials, manuals, form letters for the Employment and Accounting
departments, and mechanics work cards. Coworkers were Isla Johnson, Anne Graham,
Liz Connolly, Carlie Madsen.
When PWA purchased CP Air and we became Canadian Airlines, I was still in Word
Processing, then on to Office Services, and ending my career working for
Corporate Real Estate at Air Canada. I retired 30 June 2012, celebrating the end
of my airline history at the PWA Reunion held in Richmond.
I’ve been involved in researching my family history for many years, and one of
the volunteers for the Sea Island Heritage Society – our website is
www.seaislandhome.org . The aim of
the Sea Island Heritage Society is to capture the stories, memories and
photographs of anyone who lived or worked on Sea Island. I’d like to invite
former PWA employees to share their memories and photos with us. Thanks,
May 8, 2015 - BC Chamber of
Commerce 1983 - Sent by B. Nadeau
Okay fans of the airline that really mattered, here is a photo taken
when Pacific Western Airlines received its Honorary Membership to
the BC Chamber of Commerce at Cranbrook on May 27, 1983. Proudly in
attendance (Left to Right): Colin Lowe CSM Dawson Creek, Pat
Holmberg, Barrie Holmberg CSM Port Hardy, Sharon de Sa, Pat de Sa,
CSM Cranbrook, Graham Mann VP Western Region, Gerda Mann, Terry
Morris (Mugsy my long lost buddy) CSM Terrace, Patty Morris, Blair
Nadeau CSM Smithers......(3 piece suits may come back some day), my
awesome wife Glenys. I am honoured to know every one of these fine
people, all of whom formed the fabric of PWA. I've always been
grateful to Pat for the invitation
May 8, 2015 Chris Ettinger
Just wanted to show all the PWA peeps out there my little collection
of Pacific Western Airlines. If anyone out there has anything they
want to part with so I can add to my collection please let me know.
Even though I never worked for the airline it's always been a big
part of my past. I'm trying to find that 1976 Canadian Aviation
magazine featuring PWA. Love the website and thanks for keeping it
up. Chris Ettinger
April 15 - DC-6 from P. Gauthier
CF-PWJ A/C 403
Also used as a backup on the Airbus.
- DCMarch 12, 2015 - Aircraft
Feb 18, 2015 DC-7 Operations to
Refuel in Iceland (R.
Feb 10. 2015 - The first Boeing
Sold to Air Canada then into storage in Mojave CA 2001. Last
found is from 2007
Feb 8, 2015 DC6 Operations in the
Caribbean from Ron Auzins
In 1964 Pacific Western Inaugurated charter services from Vancouver
to the Caribbean and principally Grand Cayman. These pictures
are from a flight to St. Maarten. The F/A are Lori Mann and
Feb 1, 2015 Boeing 737 being
catered by Sky Chef YVR
Jan 30, 2015 - Air Cargo Promo
Caused some controversy. Was used briefly on a poster; some
suggested it was HercOps
(submitted by J. Auchie)
Dec 5, 2014 - Vancouver Hangar with
Oct 19, 2014 -PWA Hercules used to
film Peugot commercial at Banff Springs
Click here to watch.
Stu Russell sent pictures and notes of this L-100 now operating with
My colleagues from the Pacific Western Hercules Operation alumni
advised that the Lockheed Hercules used in this commercial was
First Air’s Yellowknife based L100-30 C-GHPW. I flew many trips on
it after PWA bought it new from the factory in Marietta Georgia in
December 1978. Amazing it is still in service running back and forth
to the NWT diamond mines after all these years. All the best. Stu.
15, 2014 -
Acquisition of Canadian Pacific
Oct 10, 2014 - Convair
Advertisement - thanks D.D.
Sep 2, 2014 Canadian North - Dale Hyrve donate missing B737 parts to
The Alberta Aviation Museum has been spared very expensive
replacement costs of stolen plane parts thanks to a donation from
Canadian North airlines After a break-in over the weekend at
Villeneuve Airport where the museum8217s Boeing 737 was on display
thieves made away with an emergency hatch along with structural
support and electrical parts of the plane (See the
Aug 28, 2014 - Alberta Air Museum - News Release
The details of the break-in we can release have been in the media so
not a lot more I can add while the investigation is ongoing.
I do need to say that our PWA 737 Team here, all ex-airline and the
majority with a PWA connection, have done and are doing a fantastic
The break in was Sunday and the on site investigation carried
through to Monday, Tuesday the 737 team was in the aircraft and able
to provide me with a detailed loss/damage assessment.
The big issues right now are the emergency door and upgrading
security further. Both are well underway. Security was already
substantial on the airport site of the 737 as the aircraft was being
checked several times a week by museum staff and with the assistance
of the people in the Tower, Airport staff and our neighbors on and
around the airport she was under a fairly heavy watch. The 737 also
sits in a high visibility/high traffic area approximately one
hundred and fifty meters behind the airport fence at the Villeneuve
Even so things have being upgraded as we speak with additional
patrol and other measures to overcome this set back; with more on
The longer term goal is for #745 to become one of the focal points
of the museum's new/second location at Villeneuve in the, hopefully,
not too distant future.
We hope to not just maintain and preserve her but to also get her
back to work as we did at the Kingsway location.
Tours, Education programming, events and we hope to expand into new
areas such as "an introduction to airline travel" for parents and
young children to be introduced to airline travel before their first
The Villieneuve site has been delayed as negotiations, planning
problems and funding time lines have held us up...but we see the
light at the end of the tunnel on those fronts and are planning to
go full throttle in the the near future.
August 27. 2014 A/C 745 Vandalism / Theft
CBC News Edmonton has reported that our B737 was broken into during
the past weekend. You can read the entire report below.
We are asking questions regarding the extent of damage, costs and if
insurance will cover this. Read the
Someone broke into this PWA Boeing 737 over the
weekend, stealing a number of parts from the vintage plane,
including its emergency door. (Alberta Aviation Museum Association)
Aug 27, 2014 - Boeing 737-200 Fleet Number 749
These pictures were submitted by B. Nadeau taken at YVR Airport
South and on delivery from Boeing 1979
August 18, 2014 - From Newsletter Editor - Alberta Aviation Museum
Received this message from Neal Taylor. I think Al Lema or Nick DeHoog will have
a wealth of knowledge. If you or anyone can share some info and fill in
the blanks about YMM, please email
Hi - I am working on an article about the history of aviation
in the Fort McMurray area and I was wondering if you might have any information
on PWA’s involvement with the region in its early years. Is there any way
you can help me out?
2014 Malaysia 17
Our thoughts and prayers are with the crew and passengers on MH17.
To the family and friends of the people who were on this flight,
our heartfelt condolences.
June 23, 2014 - Interested in Modelling as a Hobby
An avid modeller in Edmonton has worked with a model decal company
to create a perfect model of the B737 - C-GIPW a/c 745 that is part
of the Edmonton Air Museum. Here is
how to get a set of decals for yourself.
June 2, 2014
New pictures of a/c 740 on its final
May 27, 2014
A/C 745 now parked at Villeneuve Airport NW of Edmonton is settling
down into a not so firm ramp surface and needs to be moved.
The Alberta Aviation Museum and former PWA people in Edmonton are
ensuring our B737 gets proper care. It may be taxied or towed to a
May 5, 2014 1956 – Air-Bus Operation -DC 3
Pacific Western Airlines
inaugurated its new Patricia Bay Airport (Victoria, B.C.) – Nanaimo
(Cassidy Airport) – Vancouver non-reservation Air-Bus operation at
11 a.m. – 14 January 1956. Crew of the inaugural flight were Captain
Jack Miles, first officer Art Ralphs, chief stewardess Tiny Bacon of
Victoria, and stewardess Eleanor Coward of Sidney, B.C. This
operation would be Patricia Bay’s 2nd mainland link. Equipment on
the run was a DC 3 aircraft.
Chief stewardess Tiny Bacon held a private pilot’s license for over
7 years. Also on the inaugural flight were PWA traffic manager
J.B. “Mickey” McGuire and public relations officer Al Williamson.
PWA’s Victoria ticketing was handled by George Paulin Ltd (customs
brokerage office) on Government Street, while passengers were
transported to the airport by C & C Taxi. At Vancouver, ticketing
could be done at the airport or at PWA’s downtown ticket office at
1148 West Georgia Street. Fares, on the 3 Round Trip Daily service,
were Vancouver-Nanaimo $2.30 one-way ($4.60 return) or
Nanaimo-Victoria $2.30 one-way ($4.60 return).
This operation between Victoria and Nanaimo was shut down on 07 June
followed by the cancellation of the Nanaimo-Vancouver service in
early July 1956, due to lack of passengers.
(All information is from the Victoria Daily Colonist and N. Burton -
April 16, 2014 - Douglas DC-7 to Frankfurt
Hello! My name is Mike. Im writing in the hope that I
might find some help with regard to a DC-7 flight in 1965. My first flight on an
airplane was in August 1965 Im told, at age one. It was on a Pacific Western
DC-7c from YXD to Frankfurt Germany, via Keflavik, Iceland.
I've been trying for some time to determine the registration of the
aircraft on that flight, as I was hoping to have a model built for sentimental
reasons. My parents unfortunately don't have any pictures, but I have an
interesting story that I hope might help in finding out.
While I don't have an exact date in August 1965, my parents tell me
that the aircraft was a DC-7. The first leg was from YXD to Keflavik. On landing
in Keflavik, the airplane apparently had an incident. Damage was minimal,
and after a 16 hour maintenance delay, the airplane was test flown and we
continued on our next leg to Frankfurt.
Several years later, i was on a trip with my family to Hawaii ( age
13 / 1977 ), we were flying on a PWA 707. The pilots kindly opened the flight
deck for visits enroute and I was able to have a look up front. I mentioned to
the pilots, the story about my first flight, and the runway excursion on the
DC-7. The captain said, "Oh, I remember that, it was me flying!"
I have submitted a picture I took of this Captain on the 707 flight
deck. I'm wondering if you, or anyone might recognize this person, or have any
contact information that might be helpful. I know its been a long time and
perhaps the Captain is no longer with us, but if anyone knows this story or has
any connection to a log book or persons involved, I would sincerely appreciate
any help you or others may be able to offer in finding the
this aircraft from my first flight.
Sincere thanks - MH - from Calgary, AB
appears there were only 2 DC-7C's and that narrows the registrations to CF-NAI
or CF-PWM. We have a name from for the B707 crew member as Captain Reg Scott.
If you have further details on Captain Scott or this Transatlantic service,
please pass them on to the
April 8, 2014
- Capt Harry
Capt Harry Bray - a very accomplished aviator who started Kamloops
Air Service (later bought by PWA) has an unfinished story. In
January of 1947 he flew a rented Tiger Moth on skis onto a snow
covered Azure Lake, north of Clearwater B.C.. His mission - to
rescue a sick trapper - Henry Hogue. The aircraft broke through the
ice, could not be raised and ultimately sank to the bottom. The
remains of the machine were never found by the time Harry died but
that has changed. A few years ago a group of fellows found the plane
but they are running into so much red tape (lake is in Wells Grey
Provincial Park) that the little aircraft may never again see the
light of day although it apparently is in good shape. The lake is
cold and of course fresh water. Updates to come (A. Giolma)
April 1, 2014 - CP Air in YKA
Its a snowy day in 1969 and this route then
belonged to CP Air. A nice picture for this special Day.
Submitted by A Giolma.
March 18, 2014 - B737-200 1/72 model decals
Richard Albert, a model aircraft builder in Edmonton asked for
assistance with decals and PMT graphics to make decals for a model
B737 aircraft in 1/72 scale. It would be identical to A/C745 parked
at Villeneuve. A 1/72 scale B737 is about 6 inches high at the tail.
If you are a model aircraft enthusiast or can assist, email Richard
March 15, 2014 - Aircraft
March 11, 2014 - Web Outage
We have had some measure of return to normal functionality of our
web services. Last week, the Hosting Service located in
Houston updated their Unix Servers with the latest version of Apache
Web Server Software. In the process it knocked out a series of
functional components of the pages including menu, page counters,
shared borders and dynamic web templates. If you notice any
disconnected pages or graphics, please email the webmaster.
Feb 14, 2014 - Captain Harry
Bray, F/O Val Hennell & TBA FA - DC3 Campbell River (Circa
Jan 29, 2014 Stampeder Uniform
This photo is from the Canadian
Aviation Museum in Ottawa. it might be a Studio shot of the
then "Proposed Uniform" The person may be a model but
perhaps not. if anyone can identify her, please email the
We have answers to the identity of the F/A and it is D. Rubin -
thanks to R. Whitehouse and J. Keefe
Jan 29, 2013 - 100 Year Anniversary of the
From the first flight in 1914, of a single passenger in a float
plane across Tampa Bay, this interactive show tells us all about it
and where the industry is going.
100 Years of Aviation
Dec 29, 2013 - William Lopaschuk
Should you be interested in the flying career of a former CBCA, PWA,
TPA pilot, you might read “They call me Lopey – A Saga of Wilderness
Flying, by William Lopaschuk”. It was first printed in 2009 and
reached it’s third printing in May 2013.
It retails at $19.95, but could possibly be found through
inter-library loan through your local library.
Dec 12, 2013 - The last flight of
Much has happened in the past few months - get updated
745 landing at Villeneuve Airport
Curtiss C-46 sent by AJH
Oct 24, 2013 Info on the
Bellanca Senior Skyrocket
We need your reader's assistance relative to an article I am researching for the
Museum’s newsletter. I am interested in an airplane that was manufactured
by Northwest Industries in Edmonton between 1945 and 1949. The plane in question
is the Bellanca Senior Skyrocket. Only 20 of these airplanes were ever built – 7
by the parent company in the U.S. and 13 by Northwest Industries under licence.
For the article, I am trying to identify the 13 planes that were produced and
what happened to them. I recently came across some information on the internet
that showed two Senior Skyrockets flying for PWA circa 1950. The two planes were
CF-EQQ and CF-EQR. The internet information noted these planes were Model
31-55B’s while Northwest Industries aircraft were commonly designated Model
31-55A’s (I’m not sure why the discrepancy exists).
I was wondering if any of your members might be able to tell me more about
CF-EQQ and CF-EQR – their origins, their use by PWA and their ultimate fate. If
your members know about any other Senior Skyrockets and what happened to them
that would also be of interest (for example, CF-DCE flew for Superior Airways of
Ft. William, Ontario and CF-DCH is on display at the Reynolds Alberta Museum – I
believe it is the last example still in existence).
Again, any help you or your members could provide would be greatly appreciated.
Any responses can be directed to my
Thanks and best wishes,
Alberta Aviation Museum
link and another
link to find both of these aircraft
Update - CF-EQR was originally purchased by Associated
Airways in 1949 and then became part of PWA in 1957 when PWA took over
Associated. PWA then sold it to Basco Aircraft Supplies of Edmonton in 1959 and
it was crashed in 1961 by an individual leasing it from Basco.
CF-EQQ also came from Associated Airways to PWA then was sold to the Clark
family in Meadow Lake, Sask. in 1958.
Oct 4, 2013 - AC 745
We have been in contact with Capt Terry Champion (ret) - Edmonton Aviation
The changes at the Edmonton Muni downtown airport may necessitate that our B737
be flown to Villeneuve in November this year. The aircraft is in near
flying condition and work is being advanced by members and Canadian North.
Keep posted for new developments.
To All Former PWA Employees and Families
As you may have heard, the City intends to close the last
runway November 30th and immediately tear up the runways, taxiways, etc. And the
City refuses to let us expand our boundaries as we thought they would. As a
result, there is insufficient room for the Museum to keep the PWA 737, so it is
important to fly it out sometime in November. At the moment it looks like, with
considerable assistance from Canadian North, the aircraft will be flown to
Villeneuve Additionally, restrictions to our operations, imposed
by the City, could see the Restoration Dept., the Cadets, and most of the other
organizations in the hangar forced out, making it very difficult for the Museum
to operate in a solvent manner.
It is time to let the public know what effect the Cities actions will have on
us, so a public awareness event is planned for Saturday, October 12th from 11:00
to 2:00 PM. There will be a fly-in of light aircraft and the 737 will be opened
to the public. This will be the last time the public will have access to #745
for a long time, perhaps forever. So all members of the PWA family are invited
to join us next Saturday. Group photos will be taken from about 2:00 to 2:30
(bring your cameras!) Lets have a good turnout and let the City know what we
think of their plans. If you wore a uniform, and it still fits, please wear it.
If you are not a Museum member, admission is free for this event, but please
bring some I.D. or something to identify yourselves at the admission desk. Pass
the word around to those who do not have e-mail.
See you on the 12th!
Terry Champion (Capt Retired)
Sep 20, 2013 PM Honours Pilot
Our Capt G. Moul was recognized for his role in the flight to freedom in Uganda
in 1972. Amazing story and thanks C N R Beck. Read the article
Sep 4, 2013 - Russ Baker
Found this picture in a book "Bush Flying to Blind Flying" British
Columbia's Aviation Pioneers 1930-1940 - written by Peter
Corley-Smith. Picture was on page 164 with the caption of: "Russ Baker
with one of the aircraft, a Junkers W-34, of his recently formed Central B.C.
Airways, circa 1947. - Dennis Kennedy
Aug 12, 2013 Don
tribute to Don Watson.
July 22, 2013 -
AC752 Retires from Canadian North
Pacific Western began B737 combi operations with AC732, followed by
AC742 then AC752 and so on. That sequence was altered with
AC783 then AC784 which came from Dome Petroleum.
We received news that AC752 retired from service at Canadian North.
Quote - Last flight in commercial operations 14 July 2013 for 752
(flight 445 YZF – YEG) B737-275C - S/N 21294 - Line 481
delivered new to PWA Dec 1976. 81,196.1 hours and 77,008
cycles. Probably one more flight to YRQ where it will be
did a large section of reference material on
Pacific Western Airlines. Their link is below. Numerous
references are made to our website.
May 31, 2013 New Aircraft Photos
uploaded here - thanks to our
March 22, 2013 Air Transport News Awards
Regional Aircraft Manufacturer of the Year:
Aircraft Manufacturer of the Year: Airbus
Engine Manufacturer of the Year: Rolls-Royce
Ground Handler of the Year: Çelebi Holding
IT Company of the Year: SITA
MRO Company of the Year: Lufthansa Technik
Airline Alliance of the Year: Star Alliance
Airport of the Year under 10 Million Passengers: Rajiv Gandhi
Airport of the Year 10-30 Million Passengers: Genève Aéroport
Airport of the Year: Istanbul Ataturk Airport
Cargo Airline of the Year: FedEx
Regional Airline of the Year: SilkAir
Low Cost Airline of the Year: AirAsia
Airline of the Year: Turkish Airlines
George Iatrou Lifetime Achievement Award: Professor Tae Oum,
Woman of the Year: Angela Gittens, Director General, ACI
Leader of the Year: Raymond Benjamin, Secretary General, ICAO
March 22, 2013 - Stampeder Uniform
This month, the Aviation Museums in both Ottawa and Edmonton, went
on a search for missing components of their display 1970's era
Stampeders Flight Attendant Uniform. We are pleased to say all
of the items have been located but with the help of Terry Champion,
A Bidlock, M Garbencius, G Bradley, E Potts and R. Bertram.
Thanks to all.
March 17, 2013 NEEDED: White cowboy boots from a Stampeder
About 1971 the Company issued Stampeder uniforms to some or all of
the Edmonton based stews (as we used to call them). The outfit
consisted of a blue cowboy hat, white blouse, blue jacket, very
short white skirt, red bloomers, and white cowboy boots. The outfit
was discontinued fairly soon, apparently due to the way it attracted
unwanted advances from male passengers whose inhibitions had been
suppressed by consuming too many beverages. The “girls” didn’t like
the attempts to pull down their bloomers. I heard that at least one
passenger received a knuckle sandwich in return.
The Alberta Aviation Museum, in the big white hangar on Kingsway at
XD, the downtown airport, has a lot of PWA in its collection and
displays, including the 737 #745. Mary Ann Garbencius has donated
her Stampeder uniform for an upcoming display with the theme “Women
in Aviation.” She had retained everything except the boots and has
contacted many F/As hoping to find some boots, but to no avail so
far. If you still have the booklet issued after the wonderful 2002
reunion in Calgary you will see on page 9 a “stew” wearing her
outfit. Can anyone tell me who she is? Can anyone help us find some
boots? The Museum is very interesting and has input from many PWA
volunteers. The Curator is interested in PWA and would like to add
to our PWA archives. Please
contact me if you have an item(s) you
would like to donate and I will discuss it with the Curator. You
would really enjoy a visit, but if you are coming within the next
couple of weeks snowshoes are recommended.
Capt Terry Champion Retired
March 7 - From the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum
As assistant curator
at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, I am responsible for the
Museum's collection of airline uniforms, which includes many from
PWA. I am working on an article about PWA's late 1960s flight
attendants' uniforms, particularly those worn on the Stampeder
service, and am interested in speaking with people who worked for
PWA in the late 1960s and early 1970s. If you would like
to share your memories of the late 1960s uniforms, and of the
Stampeder service in general, please
If you have uniforms you would like to donate, please send a note
and description and I will see if it fits in with our programme.
Best regards, Molly McCullough
Assistant Curator - Transport, Aviation
Conservatrice adjointe - Transports, aviation
Canada Aviation and Space Museum
Musée de l'aviation et l'espace du Canada
March 7 - From the Alberta Aviation Museum Edmonton (Article on the
A/C 745 Story)
final version (PDF) of the
In Formation newsletter for March/April 2013 that has the
article on the Alberta Aviation Museum’s 737, C-GIPW. Thanks again
to you and your members for some of the photos and background
information on this aircraft.
Neil Taylor Newsletter Editor, Alberta Aviation Museum
Feb 22, 2013 from L. Hrelia (Stronach)
Hi. I was browsing the internet and found this
wonderful Pacific Western Airlines website. My dad, David Stronach,
was a HERC pilot for PWA for many years. Unfortunately he passed
away in a plane crash on November 21, 1976 in Africa (Lumbumbashi).
I have attached three photos of my dad (2 of the photos are when he
was a pilot with BC Airlines). If anyone has any stories about my
dad, I would appreciate you e-mailing me. He was a wonderful man!
Thank you. Linda (Stronach) Hrelia (email)
Feb 8, 2013 - Alberta Aviation Museum
While not a PWA alumnus, I am interested in the history of one of
the 737-275’s that flew for PWA and later Air Canada – C-GIPW. I am
the newsletter editor for the Alberta Aviation Museum, the current
home of C-GIPW, and I am working on an article about this airplane
for inclusion in our newsletter.
I’m hoping that some of your readers might be able to provide me
with background, stories or photos about C-GIPW, such as where it
flew and when, and whether there were any notable incidents
involving this aircraft. Personnel crew experiences would be great.
I do know that C-GIPW was built in 1979, its serial no. is 21712 and
that its Certificate of Airworthiness was dated March 1, 1979. It
later flew in service for Air Canada upon PWA’s amalgamation with
that carrier. On June 17, 2005 it was delivered to the Alberta
Any information or anecdotes that your readers could pass along for
possible inclusion in the article would be greatly appreciated. I
look forward to hearing from them.
Alberta Aviation Museum
Any info you may have, please pass it along. Some topics might be - what
paint scheme was 745 delivered in and did it ever carry its current livery.
How may more B737 did PWA take delivery of after 745. Was there anything
special with the engine specifications - EOW or GTOW that made it
different or anything in particular you may recall. Please email Neil
Thanks from the Webmaster.
Feb 7, 2013 -THE
ARCTIC HERC RATS,
Just to let you know of a PWA project which has started. Colm Egan
and myself, Gordon Wilson, are writing a book called THE ARCTIC HERC
RATS, PACIFIC WESTERN AIRLINES, THE WORLD WAS THEIR LANDING STRIP to
be published in 2014 by Amberley Publishing of Stroud, England. We
are both former PWA employees and want to preserve this part of
Canadian aviation history. We will be seeking information on the
Hercules operation shortly when we establish a communication
website. Read the
Update on Quicket - we have the original
document promo for this product. Read the story in
Nov 2012 - Lifetime Achievement Award for Alumni
Read the article
here. Congratulations Lynne.
Oct 2012 - Keeping Posted from January 1970
I am attaching 3 photo's of the crew from a
scan from Pacific Western Airlines Keeping Posted 1970 January
Edition and the AMA round the world Charter. Isle passed away
in Edmonton this month - Garth Caron.
Captain Art Bell
First Officer Alex McTavish
Engineer Moe Sangster
Navigator Cliff Beck
Purser Gil Tsui
Purser Ole Damsgaard
Corry Van Vliet
Oct 11, 2012 - From Kory Down
Hi, my name is Kory Down – I worked as Jack Moul’s
secretary in Contract and Charter for 4 years 1968 – 1972. I actually started
with the Law Department – I believe his name was Wilson. But your picture of Val
Hennell reminded me that he and Brian Bourne were lost in a DC-3 south of Port
Hardy. There were others lost – Edmonton and Africa – all working charter
flights. And all very nice men. I also worked with Rhys Eyton who
later took over managing the airline. And I remember Don Watson and his daughter
Sharon. Too many wonderful memories. Probably long before your time, but all
part of a wonderful history that I am proud to have been part of. Kory
Oct 11, 2012 - From Germany
Hi there - I was a Flight
Attendant based in YXD over period from 1969 to 1975. People would know me
as Paquita Lamacraft (Kellaway) and I am currently a Senior Business Consultant
at Hewlett Packard, Germany. Great site…lots of memories. I would
reconnnect with some of
my former colleagues. I include some pics of my new travelling companion
Balu the 4 month old Chow Chow in front of a Porsche from the Porsche Museum (he
had just been greeted Dr Wolfgang Porsche himself). This was just taken on my
birthday last week in Zell am See in Austria. The other was taken in Dresden
last year. Please let me know if there is another reunion.
Cheers Paquita Lamacraft
Sep 13, 2012 - Peter Lougheed
With the passing of the RH Peter Lougheed, we the alumni
of Pacific Western Airlines must pause to reflect on Mr Lougheed and the
Alberta Government and their role in our history. I remember it well. One
concern was how involved they would be in the management of the business, but
they stayed at arms length and we moved forward with the growth that the '70's
brought. Mr Lougheed and the cabinet ministers travelled frequently on the
Airbus. Some requested forward seats to assist them with their schedules.
At the time we operated over 14 B737 in each direction between Calgary and
Edmonton. The cost savings to the government coffers for using commercial
carrier service over their private charters must have been significant.
PWA was endowed with many acronyms some nicer that others but the best one was -
Peter's White Airplanes. I think many of us thought of Mr. Lougheed
as a staff member and should truly be remembered as one of us. Thank you
Here is a biography from
July 1, 2012 From B. Nadeau with D. Watson
I attended the
Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame induction Dinner in
Montreal last week. During the evening I had the occasion to chat and have a
photo with Don and Gisella Watson. During the event, Don was named Chairman
Emeritus of the Hall of Fame. Great,memorable
evening. Sadly Mr. Watson passed in June 2013
May 2, 2012 - From SEA Operations
I am a former airline employee (Braniff). I was
transferred to Seattle in 1973, to handle Pacific Western Airlines Flights at
SEA. You folks were a great airline! Best people in the industry I ever met. I
left Braniff, after being "bit by the flying bug". Went back to University and
US Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC). The USAF began a massive
drawdown after the Vietnam war, and I was told "no active duty, no flight
training! and I was told, after making some announcements on a PA system, I had
what it took to become a newscaster. I have been in the business in the US ever
since. Have also logged a lot of flight time in everything from Pipers/Cessna's
and F16s etc: Retired from US Air Force Auxiliary as officer/public affairs.
Have a great day Dennis Crowley
Dennis worked with Lew Stannard CSM SEA where he handled flights of Convairs,
Electra, and once in a while a B737 or B707.
The DC7 - International
In response to the DC7B Video submitted by Cliff Beck, I would like to add a
little history for the web pages.
PWA started overseas operations in 1964 with DC6B’s and DC7’s. This endeavour
was lead by Captain Henry Schindler. Later that year, management, when
considering how best to retain their market share, decided to obtain 2 DC7C’s
for the 1965 program.
PWA operated the 2 DC7C’s on overseas charter flights from 1965 to 1968
** CF-PWM, EX KLM (Designated Seven Seas**) -
** CF-NAI, EX NWA
** 102 PAX + 4 F/A's, and up to 5 cockpit crew.
** MTOW 143.000 lbs
** MAX FUEL 45,770 lbs.
** Max Landing Weight 110,000 lbs.
this aircraft was
an improved long-range variant with a non-stop transatlantic capability,
improved 3400hp (2540kW) R-3350 engines and increased fuel capacity mainly in
longer wings, 121 built. - from Wikipedia
March 12, 2012 - Stu Russell sends
The last commercial flight of the Hercules.
March 12, 2012
- 1963 and 1970 Executive Org Chart (from J. Kapeller)
March 12, 2012
Here is a check ride on a DC-7 - very interesting (from C.
The Good Ol' Days
Feb 18, 2012 Some New Aircraft
DD - thx)
Archives Page for older articles